For example, before the new system, the Army Air Force used the “P” designation, which stood for pursuit, on a wide variety of its fighter aircraft, like the P-51 Mustang, P-47 Thunderbolt and P-38 Lightning.Aug 25, 2014
P-51 “Mustang” name
The name “Mustang” was given to this aircraft by its first pilot, Lieutenant Colonel John W. Mitchell of the U.S. Army Air Corps in 1935. He named it after his favorite horse and because he thought that the plane’s performance would be similar to that of an unbroken thoroughbred racehorse.
(Note: The U.S. Army Air Service used the term “P” for pursuit aircraft, adapted from the French Avion de Chasse for pursuit or hunt airplane. After World War II, the term fighter was formally adopted by the USAF with the designator “F.”) R Reconnaissance Aircraft designed to perform reconnaissance missions.
The P-51D was armed with six 50 cal. Browning machine guns with a total of 1880, 400 rounds each inboard and 270 rounds each outboard.
As we said, an “F” stands for fighter and an “A’ stands for an attack aircraft that can be used against ground forces.
It is accurate to state that the P-38 did shoot down more Japanese aircraft than any other USAAF plane with 1,857, with the P-40 running a close second at 1,633.5.
The current total of surviving B-17 bombers located in the United States stands at 40: Nine (9) B-17 planes are airworthy, such as “Texas Raiders”, “Sentimental Journey” and “Aluminum Overcast”.
This plane came too late to have any effect on the outcome of the war. Junkers Ju87 Widely known as the “Stuka”, the Ju87 was one of the most feared aircraft during World War Two. It had a fearsome siren which terrified those who heard it.
The Bf 109 was arguably the best fighter in the world in 1940. It was faster than the Spitfire at high altitude, could dive more rapidly and carried a more effective armament of two cannon and two machine guns. … The Luftwaffe started the Battle with about 1,100 Bf 109s and 906 pilots available.
Total weight of projectiles fired was 1.8 kg (4 lb) per second. Ammunition capacity was enough for 16 seconds continuous firing in the Spitfire, slightly more in the Hurricane.
Additional armament included an additional dorsal turret in the radio room, a remotely operated and fired Bendix-built “chin turret” directly below the bombardier’s accommodation, and twin .50 in (12.7 mm) guns in each of the waist positions. The ammunition load was over 11,000 rounds.
The Hawker Hurricane and the Spitfire for instance, both carried 300 rounds of ammunition for each of its guns (a total of 8 guns/airplane). The F4F wildcat carried 400 rounds for each of its 4 guns. The Japanese A6M2 carried 1360 rounds of machine gun ammunition, and 120 rounds of 20mm cannon ammunition.
One of the most advanced aviation designs in operational use during World War II, the Me 262’s roles included light bomber, reconnaissance and experimental night fighter versions. Me 262 pilots claimed a total of 542 Allied aircraft shot down, although higher claims are sometimes made.
The nickname “Ensign Eliminator” came from the fact that inexperienced pilots could have accidents with the F4U Corsairs due to the powerful engine. The nickname “Whistling Death” was reportedly given to the F4U Corsair because of the destinctive sound that the aircraft made in flight.
The US allows most military aircraft to be exported to certain countries, but the F-22 was never allowed for foreign sale, not even with limitations on what systems are installed. Sales to private individuals would have even more restrictions.
Over the years, new features and technology were added to the P-51 to keep it updated with the times. These updates began as early as 1942 when the Mustangs were equipped with the British Merlin engine for speed. Adding the Merlin engine increased the speed of the P-51A (original Mustang) by 110 mph.
The German Dornier DO-335 was unique in having a tractive (pulling) propeller in its nose and a propulsive (pushing) motor behind its cockpit, technology that at the time was totally new. It had a maximum sustained speed of 665 km/h (413 mph), increasing to 765 km/h (477 mph) with emergency boost.
A P-51 cost $51,000 in 1945, or about $675,000 today. The Enforcer would probably have cost around a million dollars.
|Manufacturer||North American Aviation|
|First flight||26 October 1940|
|Introduction||January 1942 (RAF)|
|Status||Retired from military service 1984 (Dominican Air Force)|
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