Set your multimeter to be on the Ohms scale. Place one probe on the lead on the ignition circuit terminal and the other on the ground lead. The reading should be less than 5 Ohms. If it’s more than that, the starter relay is faulty and needs to be replaced.
The starter is a small motor, powered by the battery. It gets the engine of your car running. A starter relay sits between the battery and the starter motor, transmitting power. Without a properly working starter relay and motor, you won’t be able to start your vehicle and may need a tow.
Jump-starting a car with a bad starter motor will not help start the engine. Jump-starting will only boost battery power. A manual transmission car with a bad starter maybe push or tow started but an auto transmission car can not.
Place the metal blade of an insulated screwdriver across both metal contacts. This bypasses the solenoid and creates a direct connection between the starter motor and the ignition switch.
If nothing happens when you turn the ignition key to the “Start” position, it means that the starter motor doesn’t turn over the engine. Most commonly this could be caused by a dead battery; read above How to check the battery. … The ignition switch could be bad – it’s a common problem.
A failed ECM power relay can also cause a battery drain or dead battery. If the relay shorts it can leave power on to the computer, even when the vehicle is turned off. This will place a parasitic drain on the battery, which will eventually cause it to go dead.
Push the Car to Start
Push-starting functions even when the battery is flat and the starter is bad. However, push-starting only works in vehicles that have manual gearbox transmission; that’s the only limitation. Position some able bodies behind the car to push forward while you’re inside it switching on the ignition.
The easiest way to check the starter on the vehicle is to use jumper cables to bypass the vehicle’s electrical system. With the ignition turned off and the transmission in “park” — and with all due care — connect one end of the red/positive jumper cable to the positive terminal of the battery.
If your starter relay has gone bad, the electrical signal will never make it from the battery to the starter motor. As a result, your engine won’t turn over – no matter how many times you turn the key. A faulty relay often produces an audible clicking sound when you turn your car.
A starter relay is an ignition system component specially designed to transmit power from the car battery to the starter solenoid. This implies it is a switch between the starter solenoid and the starter motor. It is solely designed to transmit current from the car battery to the starter properly.
Clicking when you turn the key is usually a sign that there is not enough power for the starter to fully turn. If your battery is new, then that is likely not the source of the problem. … It may be possible that one of the components, perhaps a relay, switch, or even the starter, have failed.
Grab a multimeter and set it to Ohms. Touch the leads across the electromagnet coil pins and measure resistance. Anywhere from 50-120 ohms is OK. Out of range or open means a bad electromagnet coil winding and time for a new relay.
A relay that is turning on and off rapidly is what causes the noise in your car’s fuse box. This can be caused by a computer failure, resistance in the ground wire for the control side of the relay or high resistance in the power supply to the control side of the relay.
This is usually due to battery failure, poor connections, damaged battery terminals, or a dead battery. Another sign of your “car won’t start, but lights come on” issue is that you have to jiggle the key to start the car. This shows you have a bad ignition switch, and the solenoid is not being activated.
Test the Starter
It is under the hood, usually on the passenger side at the bottom of the motor next to the transmission. The ignition switch is a set of electrical contacts that activates the starter and usually is located on the steering column.
If the lights and/or the radio come on but the car does not start, you may also have dirty or corroded battery terminals. The terminals are what connect the electrical system to the battery. … If you can get the car started by jumping it, it’s a good bet that your battery was the problem.
In fact, the life of a relay is essentially determined by the life of its contacts. Degradation of contacts is caused from high in-rush currents, high- sustained currents, and from high voltage spikes. … Relays can also fail due to poor contact alignment and open coils.
OTOH, a starter with a bad armature segment responds well to tapping or banging with a hammer. The vibration from the tapping/hammering usually causes the armature to move to the next segment, allowing the engine to start.
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