How do children learn? How children and teenagers learn? new for 2022

Parents often wonder how their children are learning. How do children learn?

This is a question that many parents have asked themselves, but they don’t always know where to look for the answer.

There are multiple sources of information on this topic, but not all of them are easy to digest or understand. The goal of this article is to give you some tips on what experts have found about how children learn best and how you can apply these findings in your own home or classroom setting.

Courses to help you improve the lives of children - FutureLearn
Courses to help you improve the lives of children – FutureLearn

How do children learn?

Children learn a lot from observation of social interactions within their community, and many of these behaviours are not taught but intuitively learned. Humans are social creatures, with the drive to form relationships with others.

This is most evident in children’s desire for companionship during playtime – they want to play alongside other children rather than by themselves. Children learn through observation of these interactions, which might include using language to communicate or sharing toys.

Children learn through the actions of adults (and other children) too – they might observe how an adult opens a door, for example, and then attempt to do so themselves even though they have never done it before, without any explicit instruction.

How children and teenagers learn?

12 resources to support your child's English-learning at home
12 resources to support your child’s English-learning at home

Today, the concept of learning has changed profoundly. It is now understood as a process which involves both cognitive and experiential aspects. The individual’s autonomy, capacity for reflection and the ability to act on one’s own behalf are now deemed essential prerequisites in order to be able to learn.

In a world where dependency relationships are becoming increasingly rare, and traditional learning is giving way to continuous training (Hagerty et al. 2000), it is necessary for all people to learn throughout their entire lives (Ugarte 2002).

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The compulsory school curricula in Spain have been reformed with a view to making the national education system more flexible and adaptable, in line with the demands of the knowledge society.

An adequate response to these changes requires a descentralised, differentiated school system which is not limited to providing instruction but also involves parents in their children’s learning processes.

This approach to education should give rise to functional citizens who are capable of working independently and are able to maintain control over their lives (Jiménez Cisneros 2003).

The learning process starts from the moment a child is born and continues throughout life. In this article, we will examine the learning strategies used by children and teenagers in order to elucidate how they learn. We will also discuss their educational implications.

What young children are learning?

The research suggests that young children (ages 3-4) are capable of learning and understanding complex ideas.

A study in 2012 by Myra Fernandes and Betty Patuwo tested the idea that the younger a child is when they start to learn English, the better their ability will be in Advanced Placement tests and other measures related to academic excellence.[1]

The study tested four groups of students in order to establish their language abilities. The first group of 480 students had just started school, the second group had been studying English for about two years, and third group was made up of multilinguals who were proficient in English.

The fourth group included people who grew up speaking English at home. The study tested the speaking, reading and writing abilities of the four groups in order to assess their language skills. All students were also asked to take a math test nd an AP English exam.

The results show that the younger children performed very well on both tests, but not as well as the third group (the multilinguals).

Learning in early primary school

Children can only learn through play. | by YOUTUBE LOVER | Medium
Children can only learn through play. | by YOUTUBE LOVER | Medium

“Primary school” is defined as the first stage of formal education, where children start to learn and master knowledge and skills.

Early primary school means that it is the first compulsory level–before this, education was not compulsory in many countries; thus, we should focus here on (1) children’s knowledge and (2) children’s skills.

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Tips for learning at primary school

Do not underestimate primary school. In primary school, you also have to study a lot and as time goes by the number of topics to study increases as well as the difficulty.

We can observe that in secondary school, students have plenty of free time because there are only a few topics every week and the rest is for recreation and relaxation. But in primary school, there is always a topic and it is never known when the holidays will come.

Be well prepared for class and know your lessons well before going to class; don’t let yourself be surprised by the teacher in front of everyone in the classroom. This way you’ll gain more confidence and won’t make any mistakes in front of everyone.

Tips for learning at upper primary and secondary school

What you need:

A comfortable place to study

Nice pens and pencils (with erasers) or a laptop/desktop computer (if that is possible at your high school)

Decent stationery like notebooks, writing pads, some nice paper for drawing pictures if needed. Pencil cases are useful as well.

(It is important to have a stationery routine. If you have a stationery routine, you will notice that you need the stationery and it won’t be a hassle because you know where everything is.)

A diary or note book

For really difficult topics at school: two colours of pens (for main points and details) and nice post-its (for keeping important things in your view during revision).

Planning is very useful; it prevents forgetting to do something and boosts self-confidence because all the studying has an end goal. Teachers will also praise you for having planned, which always feels good too!

About learning in the early years

Learning has an important place in early childhood education, because children are naturally curious about their environment. For this reason, it is fruitful to consider different opportunities for learning experiences which are offered in early childhood settings.

One such opportunity would be the use of ‘Playdough’ as a way to provide children with an engaging and exploratory activity ( Berg, Oude Kruijs & Elzen, 2008 ).

Learning in the baby to preschool years

Young children learn about their culture through books, music and stories; they make sense of the world around them by experimenting with objects and ideas; they begin to understand some of the practical skills they will need to know both in the home and at school.

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Intentional learning can be either direct or indirect. Direct intentional learning is when a child learns something directly because their teacher wants them to learn it, for example, learning about number concepts, colours, shapes etc.

Indirect intentional learning is when children learn something indirectly, for example children may learn about safety rules by playing a game of ‘Simon says’ or learn about print through play.

The teacher must be aware of both direct and indirect learning possibilities, and plan opportunities to provide experiences that make these learning opportunities explicit for the child.

How babies and young children learn?

Preschool Curriculum: What Your Child Will Learn | Parents
Preschool Curriculum: What Your Child Will Learn | Parents

There are many ways to learn about babies and young children, not just by research.

You can find out a lot about how babies learn from experience and observation. The teachers at the school where you work may help you if you ask them questions.

But if we want to know more about early learning there is another way. We can use scientific methods to find out how babies learn best, by testing different ways of teaching them.

That is what this book is about. It tells you about some experiments that have been done to find out which types of toys are best for each age group and how much children can learn at every stage of their lives.


We all learn in different ways. Some of us are visual learners, some of us excel when it comes to auditory tasks, and others need hands-on experience before they can understand the material.

When you’re teaching children or even adults who have special needs how do you accommodate for these differences? One way is by using a variety of methods that appeal to as many senses as possible.

This approach not only makes learning more effective but also fun! If this sounds like a good idea then contact our team today for help designing your next training program or course curriculum so everyone understands what you’re trying to teach them from day one.


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