A car can surge when the air conditioning is turned on. This is due to a phenomenon called resonance. resonance occurs when an object, such as a car, is in an environment of increased vibration.
If your car is surging when you turn on the AC, a mechanic can diagnose the issue by checking all of the components of your car’s electrical and AC systems. If there is an issue with one of these systems, she might need to test drive the car to determine where the problem lies. She may also need to replace parts as needed.
Although this problem is most commonly associated with AC units, it’s actually a combination of different issues that can lead to it. When your air conditioning turns on, it puts a load on the engine—the engine is responsible for turning the compressor, which builds pressure in the system and allows low-pressure refrigerant to be turned into high-pressure liquid.
If the engine is put under a load by the AC system, the car’s computer will automatically attempt to compensate for that by adjusting the idle. If there is carbon buildup within any part of the AC system, including an idle air control valve, throttle body, or possibly even an EGR valve it can cause surging.
The car’s computer may not be accurate in its estimation of the amount of power needed, and this can lead to an overshooting engine. Any problem with the AC system can also make this condition worse. For example, if the system is low on refrigerant, the compressor will kick on more often which will increase in frequency (if not intensity).
One of the engine components that can accumulate carbon over time is the IAC valve. When the additional load of your AC compressor is added, it causes the computer to miscalculate and increase idle speed too much.
If your air conditioning system runs low on refrigerant, the compressor will cycle more frequently, putting a heavier load on your engine.
If your air conditioning compressor is starting to fail, this can also contribute to the surging problem.
A common culprit for cars surging with the air conditioner on is actually a worn compressor belt. If the belt is stretched or worn, it can slip during operation, putting significant strain on the engine and AC system. Replacing the belt often eliminates surges and ensures better AC operation.
The AC cycling switch controls the compressor cycling pattern. If it goes bad, this can place a significant load on the engine, which can lead to surging.
If your AC or engine is surging, it may be because the refrigerant levels in the system are not correct.
Our professional mobile mechanic will come to your home or office and inspect the engine and air conditioning system. Based on the inspection, the mechanic will provide a detailed report that includes the scope of necessary repairs.
The mechanic will inspect the AC system, engine, and test drive the car to determine the cause of surging.
If your engine is surging while the AC is on, it’s likely that there’s an issue with the engine or AC system. A professional mechanic can inspect and diagnose the problem, and then provide a repair that ensures your engine runs smoothly and that your AC system works correctly.
The air conditioning compressor is the largest belt-driven device on your engine. It has two substantial hoses connected to it.
Make sure the belt is properly tensioned and that any automatic tensioners are working properly. Check the surface of the belt for cracks or glazing. If it’s more than five years old, you should replace it or have it replaced by a mechanic.
The belt may be slipping because it is loose or worn, which can cause the engine to overcompensate for the AC load.
The air conditioning system in your car should be able to cool the cabin down by 30 degrees or more. This is important so that you can stay comfortable while traveling in hot weather conditions.
Turn off the recirculation switch to allow outside air coming in and drive the car with a temperature gauge in the dashboard vent. If the AC is not performing well, it might be because of an undercharged or overcharged system.
If the AC power is too high, the compressor may be overworked and overloaded. If it’s too low, the AC pressure switch may turn off the compressor quickly, potentially causing damage.
If you can hear a substantial click each time the compressor engages, your system is probably undercharged.
Air conditioning charging equipment can be expensive and complicated, and there are many environmental laws regarding the handling of refrigerants. If you suspect that your air conditioner is not working properly, and is causing your car to surge, it would be best to have the system checked by a professional.
One way to check for a possible automotive performance problem is to look for vacuum leaks. Many things are controlled by engine vacuum, and if any of these lines are misrouted or leaking it can lead to a wide variety of issues.
If the carbon buildup on the throttle valve prevents it from fully closing, this can throw off the idle control system. Look for signs of carbon buildup on the stop screw on the throttle lever, and make sure it’s in contact with it when not pushing down on the accelerator.
If the throttle valve is not functioning properly, it may be necessary to remove the entire throttle body to clean it.
On some cars, the idle air control valve is integrated with the throttle body. On other cars, this valve may not be present at all and must be checked by a mechanic.
If your car has a malfunctioning idle control valve, it will be signaled by a Check Engine Light. You will need to examine the valve yourself to determine if it needs to be replaced. Idle control valves have several moving parts that can become dirty over time and sometimes get jammed up. In most cases, this means that the valve must be replaced
If your car was manufactured before 1992, you can check the idle control valve by disconnecting the electrical connector while the car is idling. If it is properly working, the engine speed should go up sharply when disconnected, returning to normal when reconnected. If this test is performed on a later model car, it will cause a check engine light and a trouble code that must be reset with an automotive scanner.
Some later model cars have functions that will enable you to operate the idle control valve via the scanner. This can be useful for checking its operation.
If you have been through these steps and your car still persists in misbehaving, it may be more subtle. In that case, there is no substitute for experience from a Mechanic. Your Mechanic might send you a technician with the experience you need to evaluate the problem and help decide what to do.
At the end of the day, it’s not really a high-priority safety issue to get this problem fixed. But, if it remains unaddressed, you may have to drive without using your car’s air conditioning, which can be slightly uncomfortable or completely unbearable in warm climates.
When it comes to car insurance, make sure you have the coverage you need in order to protect yourself and your vehicle.
If your AC system is overfilled, it can cause the engine to surge when the AC is turned on. A worn compressor belt can also cause this problem, so be sure to check your system regularly and replace any belts that are stretched or worn smooth.
A rough idle may be caused by a faulty or dirty IAC valve, a dirty throttle body, or a faulty cooling or condenser fan.
It is common for there to be a small fluctuation in RPM when the AC turns off and on due to the drag on the engine. This should not drop that much though, as most of the time the fix is simply reprogramming the computer.
After cleaning the throttle position sensor on your car, let the engine idle for at least 20 minutes while the system learns its new location. This may require revving up and putting in gear several times during learning time.
The car’s engine has approximately 150 horsepower, and the compressor puts a load on the engine when it is switched on. To reduce power loss, many cars disable the compressor momentarily during hard acceleration.
The air conditioning unit is not responsible for the transgendered person’s speed.
The engine’s electronic control unit (ECU) increases the vehicle’s idle speed to prevent the engine from stalling and maintain a “smooth” idle.
The compressor is responsible for pressingurizing the AC system and ensuring that refrigerant flows smoothly in order to maintain system function. If there is a problem with the compressor, it could have an adverse effect on the engine.
The serpentine belt is a long, winding belt that helps to power your alternator, power steering pump, air conditioning unit, and water pump.
Turning your car’s air conditioning “on” when you leave it in the summer can wear out your vehicle’s serpentine belt.
If the condenser is found to be effective, then it is likely that the transmission itself is causing the problem. Some possible issues within the transmission include a clogged transmission filter, contaminated or wrong type of transmission fluid, or a faulty transmission valve body.
Yes, a power boost from the air pump will improve your car’s performance. However, you should not worry about it harming your vehicle.
AC capacitors can fail due to a variety of causes, including age and overuse. These capacitors are often an indicator of a more serious issue with the AC unit itself.
If your AC unit is not functioning properly or if you notice that one or more of your AC capacitors seems to be acting up, it is advisable to have it checked out by a technician.
Turn on the AC and connect a pressure gauge to the compressor low side. If it kicks on, add more Freon until you hear a loud click followed by a puttering sound.
When the air conditioning is turned on, the mounts undergo additional stress due to a high starting load. If there are any problems with the mounts, this will cause shakes or vibrations in the system. A broken mount can lead to increased vibration and noise when pressure from the compressor on an engine is applied.
Car surge is a phenomenon that can occur when the air conditioning is turned on. While there is not really anything that you can do to prevent this from happening, there are some precautions that you can take to minimize the chances of it happening.